In a message dated 12/9/2010 5:49:51 P.M. Eastern Standard Time, email@example.com writes:
ecl3rd has left a new comment on your post "GeoCatCon responses": Is it accurate to state: "the thesis of the constancy of light in inertial frames wasn't an arbitrary conjecture to meet some felt need for a stable center in one's life. The constancy of light was a consequence of Maxwell's equations. Einstein realized this and worked out a system (special relativity) which derived the consequences of this constancy. He later extended his analysis to non-inertial frames (general relativity). Posted by ecl3rd to Galileo Was Wrong at December 6, 2010 10:17 AM
R. Sungenis: Not really. It is more of a self-serving or face-saving description of how Einstein derived STR (Special Theory of Relativity) and GTR (General Theory of Relativity). We cover the Maxwell issue in GWW (Galileo Was Wrong: The Church Was Right), Vol. 1, pages, 178-195.
First of all, Einstein’s postulate about the constancy of the speed of light was modified when he invented GTR. We quote him saying so in GWW. As it stands, the speed of light is not constant in GTR inertial frames, because according to Einstein, gravity affects the speed of light. Do you know of any place in the universe that doesn’t have gravity? Do you know of any place that does not have different degrees of gravity?
Ironically, the gravity Einstein had to put into GTR that was missing from STR was the very gravity that nullified his STR postulate about the constancy of the speed of light. But Einstein needed the constancy of the speed of light because it was the only thing that would help him answer the Michelson-Morley experiment. Einstein was trapped. Either he postulated the constancy of light speed or he had to accept that the Earth wasn’t moving.
But if he accepted the constansy of light, then GTR would eventually topple that postulate and thus bring Einstein right back to having no answer for Michelson-Morley.
This is the maze of Relativity theory to which most scientists are blind, for they refuse to accept a motionless Earth as a solution to Michelson-Morley.
As for Maxwell’s equations, Einstein didn’t like the fact that Maxwell based his electromagnetic equations on the presence of ether, for ether was the death-knell for STR. In order to answer Michelson-Morley, Einstein had to get rid of the ether, since ether was causing all the problems of having to admit that the Earth wasn’t moving.
Lorentz tried to solve the problem by inventing his famous “transformation equation” √1- v^2/c^2 (or the square root of 1 minus the velocity of the earth going around the sun squared, over the speed of light squared). This would allow him to “transform” a fixed earth into a moving earth by claiming that the Michelson-Morley apparatus shrunk by √1- v^2/c^2. In other words, Lorentz’s “transformation equation” magically reinserted a moving Earth by fudging the numbers of the results of the Michelson-Morley experiment.
Einstein had a similarly devious solution in using √1- v^2/c^2, but he would do so by getting rid of the ether and foregoing having to shrink the apparatus of the Michelson-Morley experiment. Rather than saying the apparatus shrunk, Einstein said that the time shrunk, and it would shrink by the same factor that Lorentz used, namely, √1- v^2/c^2 (the square root of 1 minus the velocity of earth around the sun squared, over the velocity of the speed of light squared). That is why there is so much attention paid to “space-time” in Einstein’s theory. Hence, Einstein was forced to say that time is not absolute, but is molded by space and the events that occur in it, and therefore there is no simultaneity of events in the universe.
Again, all these fudge factors and arbitrary lengths and times were invented by Lorentz and Einstein so that they didn’t have to admit that the Michelson-Morley experiment showed the Earth was standing still in space.
Einstein also didn’t like the fact that Maxwell had two separate equations for electromagnetic activity. Relativity wants the two equations to meld into one phenomenon – a “relative” phenomenon. But Maxwell had two separate equations because he saw two separate phenomena occurring. When he moved a magnet around an electrified induction coil, an electric current was created around the magnet. But when he moved an electrified induction coil around a magnet, no electric field was created around the magnet – a truly fascinating yet puzzling result.
So Maxwell had to create two different equations for these two different phenomena. He believed that the ether between the magnet and the induction coil was the cause of these two different phenomena, since ether reacted differently in each case.
But if Einstein was determined to get rid of the ether in order to answer the Michelson-Morley experiment, and if he was determined to shy away from Lorentz’s silliness about shrinking apparatus, he had to have an explanation for why Maxwell found two different phenomena in regards to electricity and magnetism. Having two different phenomena smacked of a preferred reference frame (e.g., a non-moving earth), but Relativity rejects preferred reference frames.
So, what Einstein devised as a solution was the same he did previously when he used √1- v^2/c^2 to answer Michelson-Morley. He used math to mask Maxwell’s two diverse phenomena so as to make them one phenomenon. He did so by utilizing his famous “tensors” equations. If he could get the math to work, well, in his mind that was just as good as solving the problem of the perplexing nature of electromagnetism. It wasn't at all.
Now, although it is true that Maxwell’s equations used a constant speed of light, he did so because it was natural to assume (and terrestrial experiments of the speed of light had verified) that light always goes the same speed through ether at the surface of the earth. The only reason it would change is if something interfered with its travel. Maxwell didn’t have to worry about any v + c anomalies, since his electromagnetic equations didn’t include velocity as a factor.
So Einstein borrowed the terrestrial constancy of the speed of light from Maxwell and then turned it into a universal phenomenon and, due to the results of the Michelson-Morley experiment, he would have to insist that v + c = c, and he would make up for the difference between that and v + c = v + c by using Lorentz’s transformation equation, namely, √1- v^2/c^2. Quite an ingenious system. Yes, indeed. It is one of the most brilliant uses of mathematical fudge factors ever devised by mankind, and all to hide from the public the results of scientific experiments from Arago, Fizeau, Fresnell, Airy and Michelson-Morley that Earth was motionless in space.
This is why the world reveres Albert Einstein – because he saved them from having to go back to pre-Copernican days when the Earth was the motionless center of the universe, something men could only believe by acknowledging that Someone had put the Earth in that central position, for no fool would believe that such a privileged place in the center of the universe could happen by chance. If Lorentz and Einstein could keep the Earth moving by their mathematical abracadabra, well, that would mean that Earth could be removed to the remote recesses of space and could be given 13.5 billion years to find that cold, dark corner, and it could do so all by mere chance, with no involvement from that special Someone necessary.
By the way, the very ether Einstein rejected in forming STR is the ether he took back when he invented GTR. We quote him saying so in GWW. The whole Relativity theory is a mass of contradictions, but that's what we expect to happen when one tries to escape the truth of a non-moving Earth in the center of the universe. The latter answers all the scientific anomalies, the former just complicates them even more.
December 24, 2010